TOY PHILOSOPHY // 005

22 // 02 // 2018

Toy Philosophy Universes (parte 2)

por Reza Negarestani

En la primer publicación [engesp] sobre universos filosóficos de juguete, ofrecí una explicación rudimentaria sobre uno de los motivos principales de esta serie: el problema de salir por fuera del modelo o sistema en que un agente habita o, hablando a grandes rasgos, la meta-teoría de la teorización.

Para ser cándido sobre el tema, no pienso que la filosofía o en este sentido las ciencias naturales, las matemáticas, la lógica o incluso las ciencias de la computación son, por sí mismas, capaces de ofrecer una solución adecuada a este problema que por ahora puede denominarse como el escape de la prisión trascendental (en referencia a la prisión de Wittgenstein [Pt.1-Cap.2] y mis comentarios anteriores sobre la chaqueta de fuerza kantiana).

Si hay una solución a este problema, es una integración no trivial [esp] a todos los campos mencionados del pensamiento. Es no trivial en que ninguno de esos campos puede ser subordinado o asimilado por el otro. Esto quiere decir que para los filósofos que intentan abordar este problema no hay otra opción que integrar y volver contemporánea la disciplina de la investigación filosófica con las ciencias (en particular con las ciencias de la complejidad), las matemáticas, la lógica y la ciencia de la computación. Sin duda, en el curso de esta actualización [upgrade] y revisión, la naturaleza misma de la filosofía como disciplina se transforma: comenzamos a ver las apariciones fantasmáticas de lo que desde la perspectiva del aquí y ahora podría tener una vaga e insignificante similitud con lo que actualmente caracterizamos como filosofía.

La filosofía futura—incluso como un eidos Platónico—no puede ser otra cosa que un programa para pensar globalmente sobre pensar sobre el mundo, migrando –paso a paso—de un sistema conceptual que sostiene nuestra concepción local del mundo con una meta-lógica de tal concepción, adoptando un punto de vista que ya no toca fondo en nuestra particular visión (multi)perspectiva del mundo.

Permítanme volver a lo que he caracterizado en el post anterior como un voyeurismo cognitivo crónico, esto es, una fascinación infantil con los saber-cómo y saber-qué implícitos detrás de nuestros intentos de formar una teoría, modelo o concepción de tal o cual aspecto del mundo. ¿Cuáles son las preguntas que me hago cuando me enfrento con el resultado de un teórico? Algunas de las preguntas inmediatas son “¿Qué clase de sistema implícito de búsqueda y montaje utilizan cuando trabajan, qué contiene su caja de herramientas metodológicas, qué razonamiento o mecanismos cognitivos (analógicos, deductivos, etc.) están siendo activados, y más importantemente, puede todo esto ser modelado, puede ser replicado o implementado en otro contexto?”. Lo que quiero saber no son solo los hábitos mundanos de pensar, escribir, reunión de notas, etc., sino también y sobre todo, la meta-lógica de la propia lógica de teorización o más generalmente los pensamientos implícitos que ingresan en el pensamiento explícito de uno sobre el mundo… y en última instancia, cómo todas estas cosas encajan, cuanto –si es que sucede—y en qué nivel se influencian el uno al otro.

Sin embargo esta exploración de la meta-lógica de una lógica del mundo no es un asunto sencillo. Requiere una comprensión no solo de cómo modelamos el mundo sino también de lo que implica ir más allá del modelo suspendiendo a su vez los sesgos del modelo y más importantemente, los dogmas de nuestro tipo trascendental o recursos de perspectiva (o intuitivos en un sentido kantiano). Con estos someros comentarios comenzaremos estas series:

0. Bienvenidos al Jardín de Infantes…

[EL POST ES MÁS LARGO; SERÁ ACTUALIZADO A MEDIDA QUE VAYA TRADUCIENDO CADA UNA DE SUS CUATRO PARTES RESTANTES]

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To give you an idea as to how far the philosophical tradition has fallen behind:

The best bot writing mimics human interaction by creating emotional connection and engaging users in “real” conversation. Socrates and his buddies knew that stimulating dialogue, whether it was theatrical or critical, was important contributing to a fulfilling experience. We, as writers forging this new field of communication and expression, should strive to provide the same.

This signals the obsolescence of the tradition simply because it concretizes the radically ecological nature of human social cognition. Abstract argument is fast becoming commercial opportunity.

Sarah Wulfeck develops hybrid script/AI conversational user interfaces for a company called, accurately if shamelessly, Pullstring. Her thesis in this blog post is that the shared emphasis on dialogue one finds in the Socratic method and chatbot scripting is no coincidence. The Socratic method is “basically Internet Trolling, ancient Greek style,”…

Ver la entrada original 1.169 palabras más

“Castes of the United State,” and “The BDH-OV Conflict:” Highlighting Moldbug
[via The Anti-Puritan (fragmento subrayado) ]

The BDH-OV Conflict

I outlined five groups (Brahmin, Dalit, Helot, Optimate, Vaisya) in language that was neutral to slightly negative, using a bit of anthro-speak to focus on personal, rather than political, values.
The Democrats are the party of the Brahmins, Dalits and Helots. The Republicans are the party of the Optimates and Vaisyas. Thus, instead of the red-state / blue-state conflict, which uses meaningless colors and averages geographically in a way that blurs information, we can speak of the “BDH-OV conflict.”
As in any political contest, each side can succeed only by crushing the other – capturing its institutions and converting its followers. But keeping this conflict and its predecessors within the bounds of democratic politics, and preventing any degeneration into actual combat, has been a central concern of American intellectuals for the last 200 years. Obviously they haven’t always succeeded, which makes the concern all the more intense.

As Clausewitz observed, war and politics are a continuum. Representative democracy is a limited civil war in which the armies show up, get counted, but don’t actually fight. The BDH and OV factions refrain – mostly – from inciting or participating in outright warfare, for one reason: it is not in either’s interest.

The Franklin child abuse scandal – stunning cover-up of child prostitution ring for wealthy elitists and political leaders – // March 5th, 2016 // Government

In 1993, a film crew from Yorkshire Television in the UK travelled to Omaha, Nebraska to make a documentary about a pedophile ring. The project was funded by the Discovery Channel and set to air in 1994 in the UK and in the United States a year later. To their horror, filmmakers uncovered a vast operation functioning throughout the country that supplied children to the wealthy and political establishment for purposes of molestation, drug trafficking, and blackmail. The filmmakers were in the final editing stage of the documentary when the Discovery Channel suddenly withdrew support for the project. To this day the documentary remains unaired. The film told the story of Lawrence King and an alleged cover-up that reached the highest levels of big business and United States government.

The modern constitutional militia movement, the constitutionalist wing of the “militia movement” in the United States, became active in the mid 1990s in a response of outrage about the violent confrontation at Ruby Ridge, the Waco Siege and gun control legislation.[1] The movement is composed largely of veterans, libertarians, and Second Amendment advocates who share a common belief in individual liberties and civil responsibilities, according to their interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, as well as disdain for what are perceived to be abusive, usurpatious, or tyrannical federal government decisions and actions, and a set of ideals associated with the values of the militia they see embodied in the Constitution.

Círculos animales

2:53 19/01/2017
Patrones circulares en distintos lugares formados por confluctos entre plantas e insectos.

“All over the globe, plants are growing into strange, circular patterns / These crop circle patterns emerge when plants and bugs compete for resources.
(…) in the Namib Desert of Africa, they’re called “fairy circles;” in Brazil they’re dubbed “murundus,” and in North America they’re known as “Mima mounds.” In a recent paper for Nature, Princeton ecologist Corina E. Tarnita and her colleagues call them “landscapes of overdispersed (evenly spaced) elements.” All are regions where plants grow into such perfectly symmetrical, large-scale patterns that they seem unnatural.
(…) Two of the leading hypotheses involve plant cooperation and insect rivalries. In areas where water resources are scarce or irregular, plants are known to engage in “scale-dependent feedbacks,” where plants over a wide area grow into clusters rather than spreading out over a big area. The plant clumps limit their sizes to make the best use of water, and this strategy leads to reproductive success. It also might explain why we see patterns of plant growth that are characteristic of fairy circles and Mima mounds.
But some scientists who have studied the pattern say that more is going on. They argue that water resources in these areas are being divvied up by warring groups of termites who suctioned water out of the dry areas and relocated it to their mounds. Given that successful termite colonies tend to have territory sizes that are roughly comparable, this would explain why so many of these odd regions contain mounds as well as dry patches.
Tarnita and her colleagues’ paper in Nature suggests that we’re probably seeing an unusual interaction between plants and termites, both attempting to maintain access to water in dry areas. Using a computer model that accounted for both plant and insect life cycles, the researchers were able to reproduce the exact patterns we see in fairy circles. Speaking to the Washington Post’s Sarah Kaplan, Tarnita marveled, “It’s an amazing thing that you can get such clean, beautiful geometric patterns. Such tiny creatures doing their thing very locally every day end up producing these unbelievable large-scale patterns… To me, it’s mind-boggling that nature can do that.” Kaplan added that Princeton chemist Salvatore Torquato identified the fairy circle patterns as “hyperuniform,” a state often seen in substances whose semi-organized atomic structure puts them halfway between a crystal and a liquid.
Though we may not yet know for certain what kinds of interactions cause these eerily regular landscapes, Tarnita and her colleagues’ model brings us one step closer. They argue that we are just at the dawn of understanding ecological self-organization, partly because satellite imagery makes it easier to see features like fairy circles. But we’re only beginning to understand the way communities of lifeforms interact to produce such oddly partitioned environments.

http://arstechnica.com/science/2017/01/all-over-the-globe-plants-are-growing-into-strange-circular-patterns/
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v541/n7637/full/nature20801.html